Graphene is an aromatic compound, that has been termed a wonder material since its invention, 17 years ago. This invention won the Nobel Prize for Physics award in the year 2010 and plenty of its applications are under investigating phase. For about 60 years, researchers have imagined a relatable format of carbon atoms, termed graphene, and they intend to produce it since graphene has been invented and produced. However, they were not even successful to make graphyne enough to show some large-scale behaviors and led to the production of quite microscopic amounts.
Carbon has a very unique ability to bind to itself as well as with other atoms easily and hence every life form we know today is made out of carbon scaffolds, though humans have more hydrogen and oxygen atoms. Graphite and diamonds are pure carbons (allotropes of carbon) occurring in nature in different forms. Graphene has various applications in industries. The sports industry has adopted graphene since 2013, HEAD had started shipping graphene-enhanced tennis rackets. The carbon alternatives, which are rarely found or are nearly non-existent, consisting of fullerenes, which are almost spherical or cylindrical whose invention was done by accent and this won a noble prize for Chemistry and the study is carried out about their ability to be stealth bombers for cancerous cells. Moreover, the recent applications of graphene also include bulletproof vests and better batteries among the other possible applications.
Graphyne is a graphene-like substance. Both of the structures are 2D carbon sheets one atom thick. While graphene is a honeycomb structure made of aromatic rings that repeat in an endless manner, graphyne has a more complicated structure. Instead of bordering each other directly, the aromatic rings are apart from each other and joined together by an alkyne bond, which is where two carbon atoms form infinitely repeating hexagonal rings.
Graphene conducts electrons extremely quickly but in all directions. However, graphyne’s conductivity can be controlled so that it only goes in the required direction. Few Theoretical models suggest that graphene can form Dirac cones which are localized electric fields. These electrical effects could be modified in ways that make graphyne more efficient for solar cells or transistors than graphene.
It is useless to try and do something that you cannot make. Dr. Yiming Hu recently graduated from the University of Colorado, Boulder. He and his co-authors have made this possible by using an alkyne Metathesis reaction which redistributes the alkyne bond. The alkyne metathesis can be reversed, which allows for greater flexibility when synthesizing materials.
He stated in a statement that the whole audience, the entire field is quite excited about this long-standing issue, or this imaginary material is finally getting realized.
Graphene and graphyne have a big difference, but it’s in a good direction, Professor Wei Zhang from UC Boulder stated. However, these differences are majorly based upon theoretic studies rather than practical experimentation.
Although the process is complex and costly, the team is trying to address them both. If they don’t, there may be applications. The process described here is sufficient to generate enough quantities for research so that graphyne’s potential uses and characteristics can be explored.