Endometrial or womb cancer is becoming a more common problem among women. It is expected to surpass colorectal carcinoma in the coming years and become the third most fatal form of cancer for women.
The mortality rate has been rising by 2.1 percentage points per year. There have been increased spikes in Asian, and Black women populations. Although there has been more public discussion about the issue, very little attention has been paid to its quantification. Most women don’t know that changes in menstrual patterns (both before and after menopause) are the biggest warning signs. This includes pelvic pain, painful urination, and intercourse. Black women were once thought to have a low incidence of uterine cancer. New research has shown that it can be deadly and even fatal for Black women.
Experts from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists found that black women are twice as likely to develop uterine cancer than white women. According to the analysis, this gap is one of the most significant racial differences in any cancer. A deadly form of non-endometrioid uterine cancer is most likely seen in Black women. This is much more fatal. All age groups are at greater risk for uterine cancer, but younger women are more likely to be diagnosed.
Connoisseur spoke to Dr. Shannon Westin from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Centre, Houston. She said that there were 39,000 new cases of uterine cancer each year in the United States when she began her medical volunteer work. These diagnoses now number in excess of 65,000, with her practice lasting less than 15 years slightly.
JAMA Oncology found that Black women were more likely to have hysterectomies than their white counterparts. This could explain why racial disparities are so prevalent. According to Nancy Clarke, while black women had less than 10% of all uterine cancer cases in the US from 2000 to 2017, they made up almost 18% of those who died from uterine disease during that time. The death rate from uterine cancer is highest in women aged 40 years and older. It is approximately 31.4 per 100,000 for black women, while it is only 15.2 per 100,000 for white women. Uterine cancer, which is a rare form of malignancy that has been declining steadily over the past 20 years, is an exception to the general trend.
African-Americans have lower overall cancer mortality rates than other racial or ethnic groups. In May, another report by the National Cancer Institute was published in JAMA Oncology. It stated that mortality rates from cancer have been decreasing among African-Americans since 1999. It is not clear why uterine cancer rates have increased. Endometrioid carcinoma is the most common form. This can be explained by estrogen exposure. Obesity problems are steadily rising in the United States.
Non-endometrioid carcinoma has also increased in incidence and is not linked to excess weight. Clarke’s research found that Black women are more likely to get this type of life-threatening gene mutation due to their uterus. They are less likely than others to be diagnosed until the later stages of the disease. A hysterectomy is usually required to treat uterine cancer. This involves the removal of the uterus and fallopian tubes as well as the ovaries. Sometimes, radiation and chemotherapy may be required.